Neurology and neurosurgery fall under the branch of medicine called neuroscience.
Together, physicians provide diagnostic and comprehensive quality neurosurgical
care for adult patients with complex conditions affecting the brain, spine
and peripheral nerves. The diverse range of conditions they treat includes
epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, headaches, sleep disorders, movement
disorders, seizures, multiple sclerosis and stroke.
There is a lot of overlap between the two specialties so physicians and
surgeons collaborate together on patients, when diagnosing neurologic
diseases that may need surgical evaluation or treatment. Neurosurgeons
primarily provide surgical treatment, but will frequently diagnose diseases
that need the involvement of general neurology.
While neurologists focus on the medical treatment of neurologic issues,
neurosurgeons perform surgery on tumors, aneurysms, spinal cord disorders
and other conditions.