Neurology and neurosurgery fall under the branch of medicine called neuroscience. Together, physicians provide diagnostic and comprehensive quality neurosurgical care for adult patients with complex conditions affecting the brain, spine and peripheral nerves. The diverse range of conditions they treat includes epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, headaches, sleep disorders, movement disorders, seizures, multiple sclerosis and stroke.
There is a lot of overlap between the two specialties so physicians and surgeons collaborate together on patients, when diagnosing neurologic diseases that may need surgical evaluation or treatment. Neurosurgeons primarily provide surgical treatment, but will frequently diagnose diseases that need the involvement of general neurology.
While neurologists focus on the medical treatment of neurologic issues, neurosurgeons perform surgery on tumors, aneurysms, spinal cord disorders and other conditions.